Vatican Secret Archives
Opening of the archives
- 1817: Vatican Secret Archive brought back to the Vatican from France.
- 1883: Pope Leo XIII opened archives dated 1815 or earlier.
- 1924: Documents up to the end of the pontificate of Gregory XVI (June 1, 1846) were released.
- 1966: Documents from the pontificate of Pius IX (1846–78). (The opening of this material was originally planned during the pontificate ofPius XII.)
- 1978: Documents from the pontificate of Leo XIII (1878–1903).
- 1985: Documents from the pontificates of Pius X (1903–14) and Benedict XV (1914–22).
- 2002 (effective from 2003): Documents from the historical archives of the Secretariat of State (Second Section) pertaining to the Holy See's relations with Germany during the pontificate of Pope Pius XI (1922–39). The reason for this exceptional action was "to put an end to unjust and thoughtless speculation."
- 2006: All documents from the pontificate of Pope Pius XI.
Archivists of the Holy Roman Church
- Agostino Ciasca (19 May 1891 – 4 July 1893)
- Luigi Galimberti (25 June 1894 – 7 May 1896)
- Francesco Segna (4 July 1896 – 13 January 1908)
- Francesco Salesio Della Volpe (26 October 1908 – 26 January 1911)
- Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro (1912 – 16 December 1913)
- Francesco di Paola Cassetta (14 February 1914–1917)
- Francis Aidan Gasquet (28 November 1917 – 5 April 1929)
- Franz Ehrle (17 April 1929 – 31 March 1934)
- Giovanni Mercati (15 June 1936 – 23 August 1957)
- Eugène-Gabriel-Gervais-Laurent Tisserant (14 September 1957 – 27 March 1971)
- Antonio Samore (25 January 1974 – 3 February 1983)
- Alfons Stickler (8 September 1983 – 1 July 1988)
- Antonio María Javierre Ortas (1 July 1988 – 24 January 1992)
- Luigi Poggi (9 April 1992 – 7 March 1998)
- Jorge María Mejía (7 March 1998 – 24 November 2003)
- Jean-Louis Tauran (24 November 2003 – 1 September 2007)
- Raffaele Farina (1 September 2007 – present)
Prefects of the Vatican Secret Archives
- Giuseppe Garampi (9 September 1751 – 27 January 1772)
- Mario Zampini (1772–82)
- Gaetano Marini (1782–1815)
- Callisto Marini (1782–1822)
- Marino Marini (1815–55)
- Augustin Theiner, O.S.A. (6 December 1855 – June 1870)
- Giuseppe Cardoni (8 June 1870 – March 1873)
- Carlo Cristofori (14 April 1873 – 13 January 1877)
- Francesco Rosi Bernardini (17 January 1877 – June 1879)
- Joseph Hergenröther (9 June 1879 – 3 October 1890)
- Agostino Ciasca, O.S.A. (13 June 1891 – July 1892)
- Luigi Tripepi (19 September 1892-May 1894)
- Peter Wenzel (28 July 1894 – 24 May 1909)
- Mariano Ugolini (29 May 1909 – June 1925)
- Angelo Mercati (22 May 1925 – October 1955)
- Martino Giusti (1955 – April 1984)
- Josef Metzler, O.M.I. (24 May 1984–1996)
- Raffaele Farina (25 May 1997 – 25 June 2007)
- Sergio Pagano, B. (7 January 1997 – present)
Other Holy See archives
- Actes et documents du Saint Siège relatifs à la Seconde Guerre Mondiale (Acts and Documents of the Holy See relative to the Second World War)
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis
- Archive of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
- Chinon Parchment
- Henry Denifle, sub-archivist at the Vatican (1883–1905)
- Pontifical secret
- Relations between Catholicism and Judaism
- Vatican Film Library, which contains microfilmed versions of some of the documents from the Archives, in St. Louis, Missouri
- List of national archives
- ^ See Pastor, History of the Popes, vol. III, 31.
- ^ Table of Admittances to the Vatican Secret Archives in the Last Years (Archived May 6, 2011 at the Wayback Machine)
- ^ The Title "Vatican Secret Archives"
- ^ Secret Archives Accessible Online, Zenit News Agency
- ^ Rules for Scholars
- ^ The Vatican Secret Archives: The Past, Vatican website
- ^ The Letter That Changed the Course of History
- ^ Storeroom of the new premises
- ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/7772052/The-Vatican-Archive-the-Popes-private-library.html
- ^ Vatican Archivists Rush to Declassify WWII Documents, Catholic World News, February 20, 2002
- ^ Extract from the Bulletin of the Press Office of the Holy See, 30 June 2006
- ^ Lux in arcana exhibition website
- ^ Nothing mysterious about Vatican archives, official says
- ^ The Archive of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Penitentiary
- Ambrosini, Maria Luisa. The Secret Archives of the Vatican. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969 (republished 1996). ISBN 0-7607-0125-3
- Blouin, Francis X. et al. (1998). Vatican Archives: An Inventory and Guide to Historical Documentation of the Holy See. New York, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509552-9.
- Pastor, Ludwig von. The history of the popes, from the close of the Middle Ages: (drawn from the secret archives of the Vatican and other original sources). from WorldCat. Reprints: Periodicals Service Company (New York) and Schmidt Periodicals GmbH (Germany)
- Borromeo, Agostino. L'inquisizione : atti del Simposio internazionale, Città del Vaticano ( The inquisition: actions of the international Symposium, Vatican City), Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, 2003. ISBN 88-210-0761-8
- Vatican Secret Archive Official Web Site, including a history of the Secret Archives
- The Vatican Palace, as a Scientific Institute, Catholic Encyclopedia
- Roman Historical Institutes, Catholic Encyclopedia
- Ecclesiastical Archives, Catholic Encyclopedia
- Archives of the Holy See, New Catholic Dictionary, 1910 edition
- University of Michigan Vatican Archives Project, a detailed history, description and catalogue of archives
- Palazzo del Sant'Uffizio: The Opening of the Roman Inquisition's Central Archive by Anne Jacobson Schutte, Perspectives Online, Published by the American Historical Association, May 1999
- Inside the Vatican, National Geographic, April 8, 2004
- An interview with Sergio Pagano, prefect of the Vatican Secret Archives, January 18, 2005. Sergio Pagano
- Inquisition Requires Calm, Objective Analysis, EWTN Library, from L'Osservatore Romano, November 11, 1998. Address of Pope John Paul II to the participants of the International Symposium on the Inquisition at the Vatican, October 31, 1998. In attendance was the internationally renowned historian Carlo Ginzburg. In 1979, Ginzburg sent a letter to the then–newly-elected Pope John Paul II, asking that the archives of the Holy office (the Roman Inquisition) be opened. Cardinal Ratzinger, now Pope Benedict XVI, credited Ginzburg, and his 1979 letter, as having been instrumental in the Vatican's decision to open these archives.
- Vatican to Open Archives Tied to a Key Era in Germany, Zenit News Agency, October 29, 2002
- Vatican to computerize archives from the Holy Office, Inquisition, Catholic World News, December 5, 2002.
- Vatican 'dispels Inquisition myths', BBC News Online, June 15, 2004
- John Paul II Letter on Inquisition Symposium, Zenit News Agency, June 15, 2004
- Scrutinizing the Inquisition; an "exposé of the tortures and injustices committed by various national Inquisitions...", Zenit News Agency, June 24, 2004
- Jewish group threatens to sue Vatican for access to archives, Catholic News Service, January 28, 2005
- Vatican's secret archives now open to scholars, CathNews, September 19, 2006
- New Insights into Vatican's Diplomacy "Documents from newly opened Vatican archives indicate...", NewsVine.com, October 12, 2006